Shi'as believe that god chose muhammad's cousin ali, who was married to his daughter fatima, to be the prophet muhammad's successor, and that muhammad formally announced this before his death shi'as also view ali as the first in a line of imams, or preeminent religious leaders, whom they regard as the spiritual and political successors. In islamic belief, the quran is the holy book of islam and contained to words of allah and is conveyed to the prophet muhammad by the archangel jibraeel, who had been tasked since adam as the conveyor of the words of god as guidance to mankind. In addition, prophetic traditions (reports about what muhammad said and did) and biographies give us a picture of his meaning and significance in early islam as do islamic calligraphy and art, where the names of allah and muhammad often occur side by side -- god and his prophet.
Madelung ali islam prophet muslim sunni islamic shia period death muslims while the debate over the succession to muhammad(sawa) will most certainly continue. The schism between the two sects began after the death of muhammad in 632 ad, at which point a dispute over the identity of muhammad's religious successor caused the followers of islam to divide. Muhammad is the founder and chief prophet of islam and the source for the quran muhammad - whose name means highly praised - was born in mecca in 570 ad his father died shortly before his birth, and he lost his mother at the age of six.
Answer 1: muhammad (peace be upon him)/pbuh was the last prophet of allah who preached the monotheistic religion, islam muhammad pbuh was a man who was perfect in all aspect s whether his. Caliph was the successor of muhammad muhammad had no blood-successor, as he had no son and, the fact that islam did not endorse monarchy however, following his departure from this world, abu bakr. Caliph: the successor of the prophet muhammad important because caused the religion to split into two factions based on who they believed should become the next caliph (sunni and shi'ite) sunni: a faction of islam that believed the next caliph should be the most qualified muslim to take the position larger of the two factions. Question: shia and sunni islam - what are the differences answer: the main difference between sunnis and shias lies in their interpretation of the rightful succession of leadership after the death of the prophet muhammad the declaration of faith to which all muslims assent is this: there is no.
This contrasts with the shi'a muslim belief that muhammad himself appointed his first successor to be ali ibn abi talib as the first caliph and the first muslim imam the sectarian split that occurred in islam between sunni and shi'a muslims is based upon this early question of leadership. Deputy also known as successor to the prophet muhammad as leader of islam this expanded islam to expand to become a religion for peoples far beyond arabia. Turmoil in the middle east is fueled by an ancient schism between the followers of the prophet muhammad succession based on muhammad's shia islam the state religion, and over the.
Justice, peace and prophet muhammad the son-in-law and successor of the prophet, appointed mãlik al-ashtar as the governor of egypt, he wrote an epistle for him. Shiite islam is the largest branch of islam religion this is the biggest valued kufr it is normally termed as shia islam the actual meaning of this word is followers' of imam ali who was the son in law as well as cousin of great prophet muhammad. Other believed that muhammad had not named a successor, nor had he established a method of choosing his successor these two groups eventually grew into the two main groups of islam, the shi'a and.
The distinction between shia and sunni islam began after the death of islam's founder muhammad sunni muslims believed muhammad did not name a successor to lead muslims after his death as a result, they elected a new leader the first four leaders, called the rightly guided caliphs, began the sunni. Muhammad born: c 570mecca , arabia died: 632medina, arabia arabian prophet muhammad was the founder of the religion of islam  and of a community at medina that later developed into the arab empire. The schism began with a dispute over the rightful succession of leadership after the death of the prophet muhammad in 632 followers of shia islam are called shias or shiites (also see prophet muhammad .